Know your risk of type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body
doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, you may be able to control or even reverse your symptoms simply by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and monitoring your blood glucose levels. However, as diabetes is a progressive condition, you may eventually need medication, usually in the form of tablets. Diabetes is often associated with obesity. Obesity-relate diabetes is sometimes referred to as maturity-onset diabetes because it’s more common in older people.

During pregnancy, some women have such high levels of blood glucose that their body is unable to produce
enough insulin to absorb it all. This is known as gestational diabetes and affects up to 18 in 100 women during pregnancy. Pregnancy can also make existing type 1 diabetes worse. Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of health problems developing in an unborn baby, so it’s important to keep your blood glucose levels under control. In most cases, gestational diabetes develops during the second trimester of pregnancy (weeks 14 to 26) and disappears after the baby is born. However, women who have gestational diabetes are at an increased risk (30%) of developing diabetes later in life (compared with a 10% risk for the general population).

BMI Calculator

The body mass index (BMI) is a measure that uses your height and weight to work out if your weight is healthy.

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Eatwell Plate

Reverse your prediabetes and reduce your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by making simple changes to your lifestyle like changing your diet.

Making better food choices will help reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Public Health England have created the Eatwell plate below to help you get the proportions right.

Diabetes risk calculator

Take this quick and simple test to find out if you’re at risk of type 2 diabetes. Please note, this tool may not be accurate for anyone undergoing treatment for diabetes.

content provided by NHS Choices