Equalibras has been out and about to find the latest news, reviews and updates from the world of diabetes and prediabetes.
Each week we will deliver all that you need to know to live a healthy lifestyle and to prevent, manage or live with Type 2 diabetes.
This week’s headline story focuses on a new sensor that could potentially help patients with the signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes.
Can sweat patches revolutionise diabetes treatment?
According to a recent article published by the BBC, scientists have developed a sensor that can monitor blood sugar levels by analysing sweaty skin.Read More
Scientists at Seoul National University in Korea have developed a sensor that can monitor blood sugar levels by analysing sweaty skin and, amazingly, it only needs one millionth of a litre of sweat to do the testing.
It is an incredible breakthrough in monitoring blood sugar levels for patients with diabetes. However, because it is in the early stages, there still needs to be some advances in the process to make it accurate.
If the sensor is going to be accurate it will need to take account of the fact that there is actually less sugar in sweat than in blood and that it is harder to find.
Speaking in the BBC article, a member of the scientific team said: “The current system provides important new advances toward painless and stress-free care for diabetes.”
As with most new advances in managing and treating diabetes, it’s a case of 'watch this space'! Equalibras will try to bring you the latest in advances for Type 2 treatments and Type 2 diabetes news, as and when they happen.
Gluten-free diet may increase risk of Type 2 diabetes
Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten in their diets appear to have a slightly higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes over a few decades, according to a recent study.Read More
Geng Zong, PhD, of Harvard University's T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues evaluated data on nearly 200,000 US health professionals whose health and lifestyle habits were followed for three decades. Over 30 years, more than 15,000 study participants developed Type 2 diabetes.
The investigators found that study participants who consumed the least amount of gluten had a somewhat higher risk of developing diabetes over time. Most people consumed no more than 12g of gluten each day, with the average being 6 to 7g. Those in the top 20 per cent for gluten intake were 13 per cent less likely to develop Type 2 diabetes, versus those in the bottom 20 per cent — who typically consumed fewer than 4g of gluten each day.
"Gluten-free foods often have less dietary fiber and other micronutrients, making them less nutritious, and they also tend to cost more," Dr Zong said in a press release submitted by the American Heart Association. "People without celiac disease may reconsider limiting their gluten intake for chronic disease prevention, especially for diabetes."
Type 2 diabetes leads to complications more often than Type 1
A recent study has shown that teens and young adults with Type 2 diabetes develop kidney, nerve and eye diseases - as well as some risk factors for heart disease – more often than youngsters with Type 1 diabetes in the years shortly after diagnosis.Read More
Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), researchers examined how quickly and how often young people with diabetes developed signs of kidney, nerve and eye diseases. These are among the most common complications of diabetes. The researchers also measured several risk factors for heart disease.
The study is the largest of its kind in the United States and the findings speak for themselves.
• For youths with Type 2 diabetes, nearly 20 per cent developed a sign of kidney disease by the end of the study, compared to about 6 percent of youths with Type 1 diabetes.
• For youths with Type 2, about 18 per cent developed nerve disease, versus about 9 percent with Type 1.
• For youths with Type 2, about 9 per cent developed eye disease, compared to about 6 per cent of youths with Type 1.
• Measures for two risk factors for heart disease (hypertension and arterial stiffness) were greater for youth with Type 2 but the results for Type 1 and Type 2 were close to equal for a third risk factor (cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy).
Though youths with Type 2 diabetes showed signs of complications more often in nearly every measure than similar youngsters with Type 1, many youths in both groups developed complications.
The researchers looked at factors including glucose control, body mass index, waist-to-height ratio and blood pressure but no factor could explain why people with Type 2 developed more complications than counterparts with Type 1.
By about age 21, about one-third of participants with Type 1 diabetes and about three-quarters of participants with Type 2 had at least one complication from diabetes or were at high risk for a complication.
What do you think? Is this just an incredible coincidence or could it mean something deeper? Equalibras would love to know your thoughts so please comment below and give us your feedback.
Fruit and veg-rich diet linked to lower risk of lung disease
A diet rich in fruit and vegetables is linked to a significantly lower risk of developing chronic lung disease (COPD) in former and current smokers according to research published online in the journal Thorax.Read More
Each additional daily serving of fruit or vegetables was associated with a 4-8 per cent lower risk, the findings show.
The World Health Organization predicts that COPD is set to become the third leading cause of death worldwide.
The primary risk factor for development of COPD is smoking but the evidence of the study suggests that diet may be an important factor in the development and/or prevention of COPD.
To try and find out if fruit and vegetable intake might have a dietary role, the researchers tracked the respiratory health of more than 44,000 men aged between 45 and 79 for 13 years up to the end of 2012.
The sample was drawn from all men who had been born between 1918 and 1952 in central Sweden. They completed a food frequency questionnaire detailing how often they consumed 96 different food items in 1997, at the start of the study.
They were also quizzed about other potentially important factors, such as educational attainment, weight, height, physical activity and inactivity levels and how much, and how often, they drank alcohol.
And they were asked how many cigarettes they smoked daily.
Almost two thirds of the men (nearly 63 per cent) had smoked at some point; around one in four (24 per cent) were current smokers; and nearly four out of 10 (38.5 per cent) had never smoked.
During the monitoring period, nearly 2,000 new cases of COPD were diagnosed.
The number of new cases in current and former smokers was estimated to be 1,166 and 506 out of each 100,000 people, respectively, among those eating fewer than two daily portions of fruit and vegetables. However, in those eating more than five portions each day the equivalent figures were 546 and 255.
In all, those eating five or more daily servings were 35 per cent less likely to develop lung disease than those eating two or fewer daily servings.
And when the data were stratified by smoking, current and former smokers eating five or more portions of fruit and vegetables every day were, respectively, 40 per and 34 per cent less likely to develop COPD.
Each additional serving was associated with a four per cent lower risk of COPD in former smokers and an eight per cent lower risk in current smokers.
Compared with those who had never smoked and who ate five or more portions of fruit and vegetables, current and former smokers eating fewer than two daily portions were, respectively, 13.5 times and 6 times more likely to develop COPD.
Those at the high end of the consumption scale were 7.5 times (current smokers), and more than 3.5 times (former smokers), as likely to develop COPD.
Apples or pears, green leafy vegetables and peppers seemed to exert the strongest influence on risk - but no such associations were seen for berry fruits, bananas, citrus fruits, cruciferous and root vegetables, tomatoes, onions, garlic or green peas.
As oxidative tissue stress and inflammation may be involved in COPD development, and smoking is a potent trigger of these processes, the antioxidants abundant in fruit and vegetables may curb their impact, suggest the researchers. They add that smoking cessation should still continue to be promoted as the mainstay of prevention.
So there you have it. Eating your greens is good for all aspects of your health. Click here to kick-start your healthy eating campaign, find some of the best healthy recipes in the UK and gain exclusive access to the Equalibras meal planner.